General Carpenter

General Carpenter Trades Qualification and Apprenticeship Act
Voluntary Trade
Designated Red Seal Trade Trade Code 403A
NOC 7271


  • General carpenters construct, erect, install, maintain and repair structures and components of structures made of wood, wood-substitutes and other materials
  • Finish carpenters do detailed work requiring high level of skills
  • Rough carpenters do framing and forming which require less skills
  • Read and interpret blueprints, drawings and sketches to determine specifications and calculate requirements
  • Prepare layouts in conformance to building codes, using measuring tools
  • Measure, cut, shape, assemble and join materials
  • Build foundations, install floor beams, lay sub flooring and erect walls and roof systems
  • Fit and install trim items such as doors, stairs, moulding and hardware

Personal Qualities

  • You may be required to work in cramped areas or at considerable heights
  • You may work outside at various times of the year and experience a considerable range of environmental conditions
  • You use your math skills in this trade
  • You have the stamina to be on your feet for long periods of time
  • You need to be in good physical condition to carry materials
  • Review the Essential Skills profile for additional qualities required

Career Opportunities

  • Journeypersons work for small, medium and large companies in the residential, industrial, commercial and institutional sectors or indirectly for those companies through contractors
  • Many carpenters own their own business
  • A major part of carpentry work in the residential field is in renovations
  • Carpentry work is unionized and non-unionized

Educational/Training Requirements

  • The minimum entry for apprenticeship is Grade 10 however, many employers require Grade 12
  • Completion of a 3,844 to 7,200 hour apprenticeship program is required
  • If you have completed 7,200 hours of on the job experience/training but have not completed the Apprenticeship Program you may be eligible to challenge the Certificate of Qualification

Training Availability

Regional OYAP Training

Delivered by Fleming College and/or Local 27 Carpenters’ Union at local high schools

Trade Related Programs
Construction Carpentry – Sustainable
Durham College –

Apprenticeship Training

Fleming College – Sutherland Campus
599 Brealey Drive
Peterborough ON K9L 7B1

Carpenter’s Union Local 27
222 Rowntree Dairy Road
Woodbridge, ON L4L 9T2

George Brown College – Casa Loma Campus
Toronto, ON

Potential Earnings

  • Apprentices progress initially from 40% to 80% of journeyperson’s wages over time
  • Wages 1 for junior apprentices ranges from $14.00 – $16.00 and $29.00 – $33.00 an hour for journeypeople, excluding overtime.

Prospects For Employment

  • Ratio for journeyperson/apprentice is 1:1 or 4:1
  • Employment 1 is balanced through the year 2013, with an increase in prospective employment in 2014
  • Employment opportunities are linked to the economy and housing, and are somewhat cyclical

Financial Incentives

  • Employers who employ first, second and third year apprentices can apply for the Apprenticeship Training Tax Credit
  • Employers who employ first and second year apprentices can apply for the Apprenticeship Job Creation Tax Credit
  • Apprentices are able to apply for the Apprenticeship Incentive Grant
  • Apprentices may also be able to apply for the Tradesperson’s Tools Tax Deduction
  • Apprentices who complete their apprenticeship and earn their Certificate of Qualification are eligible for the Apprenticeship Completion Grant